The condition when your kidneys suddenly stop working properly is acute kidney injury (AKI). It can be a minor loss of kidney function or complete kidney failure. This condition normally happens as a complication arising from another serious illness. In older people, acute kidney injury is normally seen. In other words, this is because they suffer from various health conditions and their kidneys are also affected. The early detection and proper treatment of acute kidney injury are very important. If you neglect it, there can be a build-up of abnormal salt and chemicals in the body. This often affects the working ability of other organs in the body. Therefore, the best nephrologist in Agartala helps to manage this condition.
The symptoms of acute kidney injury include:
- Not enough urine
There are different causes behind acute kidney injury.
Decreased blood flow
There can be less blood flow to your kidneys due to the following reasons and this leads to AKI.
- Low blood pressure
- Conditions leading to decreased blood function
- Organ failure
- Loss of blood or fluid
- Major Surgeries
Direct damage to the kidneys
In addition, your kidneys can get damaged due to some diseases and conditions. This also leads to acute kidney injury.
- Sepsis, a type of severe, life-threatening infection
- A condition that causes scarring and inflammation to your blood vessels
- Multiple myeloma, a type of cancer
- Allergy to certain types of drugs
- Diseases affecting the connective tissues that support your internal organs
- Conditions that cause damage or inflammation to the kidney tubules
Blockage of the urinary tract
If there is a blockage in the passage of urine out of the body, it can lead to acute kidney injury. The cause of the blockage can be:
- Bladder, prostate or cervical cancer
- Problems with the nervous system that affects the bladder and urination
- Enlarged prostate
- Blood clots in the urinary tract
- Kidney stones
The best kidney doctor in Agartala will suggest different tests if he/she suspects that you have acute kidney disease. Some of the tests are:
- Urine output measurements: The doctor can understand the cause of acute kidney injury by measuring how much you urinate in 24 hours.
- Urine tests (urinalysis): These tests help the doctor to detect signs of kidney failure.
- Blood tests: The doctor can know whether the levels of urea and creatinine are rising rapidly from these tests. These two substances are important for measuring kidney function.
- Imaging tests: The doctor can see your kidneys with the help of imaging tests and can detect anything abnormal.
- Kidney biopsy: The doctor will remove a sample of your kidney and send it for testing in a laboratory.
To conclude, a kidney specialist in Agartala identifies the cause behind acute kidney damage and decides the treatment option according to that. He/she also tries to prevent the complications and give the kidneys time to heal. In addition, lifestyle and home remedies also prove quite effective.